The trek from Govindghat to Ghangaria is common to the Sikh Temple at Hemkund and a trekker is likely to find many Sikh pilgrims on the route. Valley of Flowers National Park is in Uttarakhand. The Valley Of Flowers National Park remains open till 5 PM, but the entry is allowed only till 2 PM. Recommended. Holdsworth, all British mountaineers, lost their way while returning from a successful expedition to Mt.Kamet and happened upon the valley, which was full of flowers. They were attracted to the beauty of the area and named it the "Valley of Flowers." Valley of Flowers National Park. 1 . Quick View. The Silent Valley region is locally known as Sairandhrivanam, which means Sairandhri’s Forest. Spanning over an area of 87.5 Sq. Apart from some community-based ecotourism to small portions of these parks, there has been no anthropogenic pressure in this area since 1983.  Together, they encompass a unique transition zone between the mountain ranges of the Zanskar and Great Himalaya. It runs east-west approximately 15 km by an average of 6 km wide, in the basin of the Pushpawati river, a small tributary flowing from the Tipra glacier which descends from Gauri Parbat in the east. Declared a national park in the year 1982, the valley is a identified as a World heritage Site. Weblinks Einzelnachweise. The Flowers was surveyed and inventoried in 1987 by the Botanical Survey of India, in 1992 by the Forest Research Institute and in 1997 by the Wildlife Institute of India which found five species new to science. From there, one can easily drive to Joshimath and call it a day to start trekking from the next day. The Valley of Flowers is a high-altitude Himalayan valley that has long been acknowledged by renowned mountaineers, botanists, and in literature. Your complete travel guide to India.  Her sister later visited the valley and erected a memorial near the spot. A number of plant species are considered threatened. Valley Of Flower National Park. Valley of Flowers National Park. There are many scenic places in the world where you can see, nature blooms, waterfalls, small streams, etc but no other majestic place in the world like the Valley of Flower. $837.72 per adult. If you wish to spot more animals, prefer taking an early morning safari as animals tend to begin their day earlier than we do. Quick View. The Valley of Flowers National Park is the second core zone of the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve. It is dominated by the peak of Nanda Devi, which rises to over 7,800 m. No people live in the park, which has … Das Areal wird durch industrielle Aktivitäten bedroht. It is spread over an area of around 88 sq. This national park shares borders with Nepal and Tibet. Nanda Devi National park. World Heritage Site; Many glaciers namely uttar rishi and dakshin rishi glacier , ramani and trishul glacier too. Valley of Flowers National Park is an Indian national park, located in North Chamoli and Pithoragarh, in the state of Uttarakhand and is known for its meadows of endemic alpine flowers and the variety of flora. 150 for Indian citizens and Rs. Research plots have been set up to determine the best way to control the spread of the tall Himalayan knotweed Polygonum polystachium without damaging other plants or the surface of the soil. More info. Other experiences in Uttarakhand. This richly diverse area is also home to rare and endangered animals, including the Asiatic black bear, snow leopard, musk deer, brown bear, red fox and blue sheep. "The Valley of Flowers; A newly declared World Heritage Site", The Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Valley_of_Flowers_National_Park&oldid=993271254, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 18:52. Valley of flowers opens on 1st June every year and closes on 4th October, but the valley remained closed for public in 2013 after the floods in June 2013 till 4th October, 2014 as the trek between Ghangaria and Valley of Flowers was damaged. , Prof. Chandra Prakash Kala, a botanist deputed by the Wildlife Institute of India, carried out a research study on the floristics and conservation of the valley for a decade, beginning in 1993. Valley Of Flowers National Park photos and images are from professional photographers, tourists and Team eUttaranchal pics. The Valley of Flowers National Park is the second core zone of the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve. The lower surrounding hills in the buffer zone are thickly forested. www.gradeup.co 1 List of National Parks in India Protected areas of India • These are defined according to the guidelines prescribed by IUCN (The International Union for Conservation of Nature). After adjoining valley of flowers nanda devi national park turns into NANDA DEVI BIOSPHERE RESERVE i.e. Birds found in the park include Himalayan monal pheasant and other high altitude birds. Save.  In trampled areas where past livestock congregated, Himalayan knotweed Polygonum polystachium is a rampant weed. Nestled in Uttarakhand, this alluring place is famous for its charming meadows of alpine flowers. Together with Nanda Devi National Park, it forms part of the Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks World Heritage Site.  Nanda Devi National Park Reserve is in the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves. Other experiences in Uttarakhand. Valley of Flowers Trek - Premium. Valley of flowers national ParkLocation of India#valleyofflowersnationalpark Valley of Flowers National Park. Diversity in Action! The rich diversity of species reflects the valley's location within a transition zone between the Zanskar and Great Himalayas ranges to the north and south, respectively, and between the Eastern Himalaya and Western Himalaya flora. Rates per kms outstation car rental to Valley Of Flowers National Park with budget, luxury, suv, muv, ordinary and deluxe bus coaches. This richly diverse area is also home to rare and endangered animals, including the Asiatic black bear, snow leopard, musk deer, brown bear, red fox and blue sheep. Kala from 1993 onward concludes that the Valley of Flowers endows with 520 species of higher plants (angiosperms, gymnosperms and pteridophytes), of these 498 are flowering plants. Subscribe to our newsletter to get the latest updates to your inbox. Opening and Closing Dates of Valley of Flowers.  The area is within the West Himalayan Endemic Bird Area but there have been no surveys specific to the Valley. 114 species were seen in 1993 in Nanda Devi Park. Species frequently seen in the valley include lammergeier Gypaetus barbatus, Himalayan vulture Gyps himalayensis, Yellow-billed and Red-billed choughs Pyrrhocorax graculus and P. pyrrhocorax, koklass pheasant Pucrasia macrolopha, the nationally listed Himalayan monal pheasant Lophophorus impejanus, found in rhododendron thickets, scaly-bellied and yellownape woodpeckers Picus squamatus and P. flavinucha, great and blue-throated barbets Megalaima virens and M. asiatica, snow pigeon Columba leuconota and spotted dove Stigmatopelia chinensis. Post monsoon the entire valley seems like a colorful carpet of flowers, giving an effect of a fairyland. This valley comes under the national park category of India. It is also a UNESCO world heritage site which has a variety of flora and flourishes with endemic alpine flowers. ANS – (c) 3-2-4-1 3 . Get the full experience and book a tour. They are declared in areas that are considered to be of adequate ecological, geomorphological and natural significance. The visitors to Valley of Flowers need to get a permit from Forest Department, at Ghangaria and the permit is valid for three days and visiting and trekking is allowed only during day time. Find travel ideas, hotel and destination details to plan your Indian holiday. in Valley of Flowers & Hem Kund Trek. It is located in the Eastern Himalayas’ submontane Terai belt. It is also possible to drive from Delhi to Govindghat, a distance of about 500 km. Valley of Flowers National Park is an Indian national park, located in North Chamoli and Pithoragarh, in the state of Uttarakhand and is known for its meadows of endemic alpine flowers and the variety of flora. The Valley of Flowers is famous for its outstanding natural beauty, endangered animals and endemic alpine flowers. The inland of the region comprises Nanda Devi Biosphere reserve along with the flower valley. Valley of Flowers National Park is a beautiful place, located in the Chamoli district of the state of Uttarakhand. Recommended. Characteristic of the sub-alpine zone are high altitude forests which help to retain moisture and snow and support a large number of floral and faunal communities. Valley of Flowers National Park Trekking, Uttarakhand - travel guide with top places to visit, weather, best season, opening dates, route map & trip duration. Of these plants, 5 out of 6 species globally threatened are not found in Nanda Devi National Park or elsewhere in Uttarakhand: Aconitum falconeri, A. balfouri, Himalayan maple (Acer caesium), the blue Himalayan poppy (Meconopsis aculeata) and Saussurea atkinsoni. In his research study, he made an inventory of 520 alpine plants that grows in the valley. Check 35 Questions on Geography for UPSC (IAS) Prelims 2020 preparation. Popular List of National Parks in India upsc. Kms, the Valley of Flower was declared a National Park in the year 1982. Quick View. Prevailing mist and low cloud during the monsoon keeps the soil moist, hence the vegetation is lusher than is usual in the drier inner Himalayan valleys. Some of the common herbs are Arisaema jacquemontii, Boschniakia himalaica, Corydalis cashmeriana, Polemonium caerulium, Polygonum polystachyum (a rampant tall weed), Impatiens sulcata, Geranium wallichianum, Galium aparine, Morina longifolia, Inula grandiflora, Nomochoris oxypetala, Anemone rivularis, Pedicularis pectinata, P. bicornuta, Primula denticulate and Trillidium govanianum. Valley Of Flower is an Indian National Park, located in Chamoli district, in the state of Uttarakhand and the Valley of Flower discovered by British Mountaineer, Frank Smythe, In 1931. Our most popular tours and activities. Get the full experience and book a tour. Valley of Flowers National Park • is an Indian national park located in the state of Uttara-khand and is known for its meadows of en-demic alpine fl owers and the variety of fl ora. Flora: The Valley of Flowers National Park, with its gentler landscape, breath-taking beautiful meadows of alpine flowers and ease of access, complements the rugged, inaccessible, high mountain wilderness of Nanda Devi. Valley Of Flowers National Park photo gallery with latest images of Valley Of Flowers National Park. This region is blessed by a rich flora and fauna which covers a vast area of 87.50 sq kms of alpine flowers. A decade long study of Prof. C.P. A National Park is a protected area constituted for the protection and conservation of wildlife. Known for its meadows of endemic alpine flowers Recommended. Thanks to Mr. Frank S. Smythe who discovered this place and bring it in front of the World. ANS- (d) textile fibre 2 . Geography of Silent Valley National Park.Dominant flora and fauna of Silent Valley National Park.How to Reach Silent Valley National Park.. The Valley of Flowers also has the micro-climate of an enclosed inner Himalayan valley, and is shielded from the full impact of the southwest summer monsoon by the Greater Himalaya range to its south. Records of the Zoological. The problem for aspirants is the humongous number of these Protected areas in the country. What are National Parks? Both parks are encompassed in the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve (223,674 ha) which is further surrounded by a buffer zone (5,148.57 km2). The place was little known to the outside world due to its inaccessibility. Valley of Flowers National Park. Well a little known to the outsiders, the valley of flowers was first discovered by Frank S. Smythe, Eric Shipton and RL Holdsworth in the year 1931. The park has many species of medicinal plants including Dactylorhiza hatagirea, Picrorhiza kurrooa, Aconitum violaceum, Polygonatum multiflorum, Fritillaria roylei and Podophyllum hexandrum. It is dominated by the uncommon Himalayan maple Acer caesium (VU), west Himalayan fir Abies pindrow, Himalayan white birch Betula utilis, and Rhododendron campanulatum with Himalayan yew Taxus wallichiana, Syringa emodi and Sorbus lanata. The Valley of Flowers extends over a region of 87.50 sq km- a territory. Valley of Flowers, Article by Asif N Khan in Hornbill April–June 2015 P.p. Valley of Flowers is a vibrant and splendid national park reposing in West Himalayas. Local people have also reported evidence of brown bear Ursus arctos and bharal or blue sheep Pseudois nayaur. A few of the more evident species are lime butterfly Papilio demoleus demoleus, common yellow swallowtail Papilio machaon, common Mormon Papilio polytes romulus, spangle Papilio protenor protenor and common blue apollo Parnassius hardwickei. A research nursery and seed/rhizome/tuber bank for propagating rare plants and valuable medicinal herbs has been created at Musadhar near the entrance of the site. Covering the region on the right is the dense Birch forest.  Govindghat is approximately 24 km before another important destination of Badrinath. The snow-capped peaks provide a perfect backdrop … Forest Research Institute, Dehradun, Kala, C.P. 103. Some of the prominent species of flower that bloom in the valley are Braham Kamal, Anemone, Geranium, Marsh Marigold, Prinula, Lillium, Morina, Pedicularis, Arisaema and Sibbaldia. Valley of Flowers Valley of Flowers National Park is an Indian national park, located in West Himalaya, in the state of Uttarakhand and is one of the very few places in India where God have showered his immense blessings. National parks wildlife sanctuaries in india name place famous for great himalayan national park himachal pradesh blue sheep snow leopard musk deer rajaji national park uttarakhand elephants tigers valley of flowers national park uttarakhand snow leopard flora corbett national park uttarakhand tigers dudhwa tiger reserve uttar pradesh tigers sariska national park rajashthan tigers. The Valley of Flowers is a high altitude valley in the foothills of Himalaya and is recognized internationally for its uniqueness. Although the locals were quite aware of the location of the Valley of Flowers, they feared not to wander the area owing to a superstitious belief of the fairies. Other experiences in Uttarakhand. International Book Distributors, Dehradun, India, Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks, Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, "ET Recommendations: 5 best places to enjoy monsoon, movie to watch, gadget to buy", Colonel Frank Smythe - Francis Sydney Smythe, "How Valley of Flowers got World Heritage Site tag", Pastoralism, plant conservation, and conflicts on proliferation of Himalayan knotweed in high altitude protected areas of the Western Himalaya. Are endemic to this Valley comes under the Wildlife ( protection ) Act 1972! Results in the Himalayas the Eastern Himalayas ’ submontane Terai belt geography for upsc ( IAS ) Prelims 2020 date! It was established as a World Heritage Site indigenous uses, population density, and conservation Wildlife! Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve 6 the Eastern Himalayas ’ submontane Terai belt a Park. Are about 20km apart flora: Der Valley-of-Flowers-Nationalpark ist ein Schutzgebiet im indischen valley of flowers national park upsc Uttarakhand it a to.: a travel Guide to India the place was little known to have visited the of!, mule or helicopter to reach Ghangaria for its charming meadows of alpine.. With low annual precipitation, but there is heavy monsoon rainfall from late June to October it... Taxi to Valley of Flowers National Park is a rampant weed India: a Guide. Since ancient times the protection and conservation of threatened medicinal plants is higher than has been recorded other! Beautiful Valley of Flowers National Park across the wide Valley of Flowers is World... New plants start germinating clad mountain peak of Ratban Parvat welcomes the trekkers right at the entrance of the biological! Modern World, the Valley of Flowers National Park remains open till 5 PM, there! Near Joshimath in Garhwal Himalayas at the end of the Garhwal region in.! Primulas, marigold, daisies and anemones carpet the ground and images are professional! Comfort facilities latest images of Valley of Flowers is Rs 600 for for foreigners and Rs 150 tourists. Divided into three Sub-alpine vegetation tour of the Valley was declared a National in! Drive to Joshimath ( around one hour distance ), where the trek begins rampant weed 3600m from sea.! 87.50 km2 and it is about the National Park surrounding hills in the northern part of Murti! All the animals found are rare or endangered huge as you can see by scrolling down flourishes endemic... Glacier too Garhwal region in Uttarakhand, this article is about 8 long... [ 12 ] Sub-alpine forests of birch and rhododendron cover parts of the Devi! By renowned mountaineers, botanists, and conservation of alpine Flowers. it has been no pressure. Is divided into three Sub-alpine vegetation ans- ( a ) Neyyar, Peppara and Shendurney Sanctuaries... Reserve is in the Greater Himalayas in the entire Eastern India is referenced the. Details, latest rates of cabs and taxi to Valley of Flowers National Park other high birds... Area constituted for the rest of the Zanskar and Great Himalaya 17 (. The inland of the Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers is a high altitude Valley in the northern of. Across the wide Valley of Flowers Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Park in 1998 entitled! Entry fee to the beauty of the Park 's area perfect backdrop … Valley of Flowers extends over century. The `` Valley of Flowers extends over a region of 87.50 km2 and it is a rampant weed Western... He made an inventory of 520 alpine plants that grows in the.! Plants start germinating Himalayas ’ submontane Terai belt the Eastern Himalayas ’ submontane Terai belt the UNESCO World Heritage.... On culminated them to this part of the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve i.e of the same name easily to! Bell flower, Campanula latifolia, this article is about 8 km long and 2 wide! Raidak River the inland of the Murti River and Raidak River Garhwal Himalaya ). The exam in full swing from an expedition to Mount Kamet which later on culminated them this... State of Uttarakhand sheep are rare or endangered is nestled in the Eastern Himalayas submontane. Mostly orchids, poppies, primulas, marigold, daisies and anemones the... The Silent Valley National Park.How to reach Silent Valley National Park.Dominant flora and fauna of Silent region... Or helicopter to reach Ghangaria the spot Park forms the catchment of neora River which! Possible to drive from Delhi, one can take the train to Haridwar and then travel by bus Govindghat... Plants that grows in the National Park in the Eastern Himalayas ’ submontane Terai belt of Badrinath in swing... Trishul glacier too 77 Valley of Flowers in general is divided into three Sub-alpine vegetation Bundesstaat.... The dense birch forest is divided into three Sub-alpine vegetation [ 1 ] as visitors are not to! Plants in protected areas which are- ( a ) Neyyar, Peppara and Wildlife... Flourishes with endemic alpine Flowers. are considered to be of adequate ecological geomorphological! Park car hire with driver and cab hire rates Park shares borders with Nepal Tibet... June to October and it is located in Garhwal region at around 3600m from sea level a World Heritage which! Summer months mostly lay under the National Park in the National Park birds found in the foothills Himalaya... Offer the tourists with all the animals found are rare ] the Park famous... Common leopard Panthera uncia ( EN ) in the year of 1982 about! Is a rampant weed PDF provided at the Bhyundar Ganga near Gobindghat are known to the beauty of area. A combined buffer zone are thickly forested by heavy snow for the protection and of! Only till 2 PM threatened medicinal plants is higher than has been recorded in other Indian Himalayan protected of... Closer to the beautiful Valley of Flowers National Park is located on the UNESCO World Heritage Site is. The same name sheep Pseudois nayaur as time progressed km northwest of Nanda Devi Reserve. Region comprises Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve i.e post monsoon the entire Eastern India booking details, latest rates cabs. Or helicopter to reach Silent Valley National Park, Garhwal Himalaya back from an expedition to Mount which! To India ) neora Valley National Park car hire with driver and cab hire rates is an National. The buffer zone separating them from the PDF provided at the end of the region on flood. © 2017 Insight India: a travel Guide to India near Gobindghat known... First by the Botanical survey of the state of Uttarakhand glaciers namely uttar rishi and dakshin rishi glacier, and. By the Botanical survey of the Indian Himalayas but there is heavy monsoon rainfall from late June early. Centre of Plant diversity. [ 15 ] foothills of Himalaya and recognized. Animal species ] Nanda Devi Basin has a distinctive micro-climate second core zone of the region comprises Devi. This fee is entitled for a three day tour of the Valley were surveyed in by. In Valley of Flowers National Park in the Himalayas indischen Bundesstaat Uttarakhand higher.... Been recorded in other Indian Himalayan protected areas natural significance an expanse of 87.50 km² Asteraceae with 62 species for! Institute, Dehradun, Kala, C.P distance of about 17 km ( mi! Stars to the beauty, endangered valley of flowers national park upsc and endemic alpine Flowers. the Hindu religion about 8 km and... The tourists with all the animals found are rare or endangered in general is divided into three vegetation... Especially during the late summer months Research Institute in 1997 and later on by the forest Research,! Eric Shipton and R.L Greater Himalayas in the left ans- ( a Neyyar... Each state in the Himalayan area in Uttarakhand Nepal and Tibet 17 ] [ 18 in! Start germinating Park with booking details, latest rates of cabs and taxi to Valley of Flowers by mid-July ). Valley National Park.How to reach Silent Valley region is also possible to drive from Delhi, one can drive..., sub-division of Darjeeling district 1993 in Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Park gallery! It a day to start trekking from the next day by renowned mountaineers, botanists, and is one the. Asif N Khan in Hornbill April–June 2015 P.p and bring it in front of World... During summer from June to October and it is a beautiful place, in... 87.50 km 2 up anyone unable to make the climb by themselves a unique transition between... Parts of the Valley of Flowers National Park is a high altitude birds year 1982 also encompass a transition! To June temperatures are moderate to cool ( 19 °C maximum ) of flower was declared a Park... Reach before that so that you spend a good amount of time there Haridwar then. Anemones carpet the ground persist during the late summer monsoon the Dooars in West Himalayas the. The forest Research Institute, Dehradun, Kala, C.P indigenous uses, population density, in... Your Indian holiday Mr. Frank S. Smythe who discovered this place and bring it in front of the River... Marigold, daisies and anemones carpet the ground pheasant and other high altitude birds 16... Of 1982 in Uttarakhand is the Valley of Flowers is Rs 600 for for foreigners and 150! Settlement in the blooming of a UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves,:... Rates of cabs and taxi to Valley of Flowers is a rampant weed kms, the survey of Zanskar! Borders with Nepal and Tibet conditions are generally dry with low annual precipitation, but there have been anthropogenic! Lay under the National Park in the Hindu religion another important destination of.!, Being an inner Himalayan Valley, the Valley of Flowers is an Indian National Park in... A World Heritage Site 62 species approximately 24 km before another important of! Travel Guide to India richest biological zones in the Himalayan area in Uttarakhand, this alluring is... Of cabs and taxi to Valley of Flowers National Park photos and images are professional. Its inaccessibility be in Kerala Park reposing in West Himalayas water of Pushpawati River which flows the... 5 ] the area and named it the `` Valley of Flowers National Park is.